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Government Of Assam Hailakandi District

Agriculture

  • Operational land holding.

    The total operational land holdings in the district are 83011 numbers, out of which 28.78% are landless farmers who are possessing 7.64% cultivable area of the district. 39.53% are marginal farmers those are occupying 32.18% cultivable area, 26.62% are small farmers & are holding 42.15% cultivable area, 3.26% are medium farmers and are occupying 9.60% area. 1.39% is large farmers who are holding 6.01% area and 0.42% are very large farmers and are occupying 2.41% area. Resource rich farmers purely on the basis of size of holding viz. very large, large and medium farmers are 5.07% and are possessing 18.03% cultivable area of the district. Resource poor farmers i.e. marginal/small and landless farmers are 94.93% and are holding 81.97% area.

    This data reveals that low cost technology has better adoption probability in comparison to high cost technology. Secondly, farmers are needed financial assistant from the financial institutions constantly to raise their income through the production of their farming systems.

    Category of farmers              

    • Landless farmers:   23891 Nos
    • Marginal farmers:   32814 Nos
    • Small farmers:  24804 Nos
    • Large farmers:  1502 Nos
    • Total Nos. of Farmers:  83011 Nos.

    Classification of Farmers:     

    • General: 69621 Nos
    • Schedule Caste: 10650 Nos
    • Schedule Tribe: 950 Nos
    • Others (OBC, MOBC Etc.): 1790 nos.

    Total Household of the district: 143350 (Urban- 10259, Rural – 133091) (As per population census 2011).

    Agricultural Institutional arrangement:

    1. Total Nos of Agril. Sub-Division            :       1 No.
    2. Total Nos of Development Block           :      5 Nos.
    3. Total nos of A.D.O. Circle                     :      7 Nos.
    4. Total Nos of AEA Eleka                         :    60 Nos
    5. Total Nos of Gaon Panchayat               :    62 Nos.
    6. No. of cooperative societies                 :    16 Nos.
    7. Total Nos of Revenue Village                : 334 Nos
    8. No. of seed farm                                   :     1 No.
    9. Nos. of Tea Gardens                            :    17 Nos.
    10. Nos. of KVK (ICAR)                              :      1 No.
    11. Nos. of Regulated market                    :      1 No.

    Agro Climatic conditions

    Hailakandi district with geographical area of 132700 hectare occupies 19.26% area of the Barak Valley Agro Climatic zone of Assam.

    Rainfall

    The average annual rainfall of the district is 2502.46 mm with 114 average rainy days on the basis of record of last 10 years. During this period, the rainfall varied from 942.20 mm to 5052.85 mm annually. High rainfall generally concentrated during the months of May to August. The rainfall is quite erratic and uneven throughout the district. The pre monsoon rain ( February-April ) helps for growing  Autumn Paddy and Kharif vegetable, normal monsoon ( May – September) helps  for growing winter paddy and in case of excess rainfall it causes damage to crops and livestock. The post monsoon (October – November) shower helps in panicle initiation stage of paddy crop. If sufficient shower is not received then it causes little dry spell condition in October on the other hand excess shower sometimes delays the cultivation of Rabi crops. Winter months (December – January) remains generally dry with scanty rainfall.

    Irrigation

    The cultivation of the district is mainly depended on the mercy of rain fall as only 4.09% cultivated area is irrigated. Eighteen electrical lift irrigation schemes and 19 deep tube wells have been constructed / installed by the department of Irrigation, but most of them are lying defunct or unutilized. The flow irrigation schemes are being implemented by the department is creating some potential areas for assured irrigation.The main source of irrigation in the district is low lift pumps, which are installed by the farmers themselves with or without government’s assistance. The available irrigation facility is mainly confined to summer paddy and Rabi Vegetable crops in selected pockets. The area under irrigation is given at Table 3.

    Block and source wise area under irrigation

    Name of Block

    Rain fed

    Irrigated area in hact (Source wise )

    ELIS

    DTWs

    LLP and Others

    Total Irrigated

    Area

    %

    No

    %

    No

    %

    Area

    %

    Area

    %

    Algapur

    10190

    94.60

    2

    -

    8

    -

    582

    5.40

    582

    5.40

    Hailakandi

    12000

    95.20

    5

    -

    5

    -

    605

    4.80

    605

    4.80

    Lala

    17891

    96.35

    6

    -

    5

    -

    678

    3.65

    678

    3.65

    Katlicherra

    5953

    96.10

    2

    -

    1

    -

    242

    3.90

    242

    3.90

    South-Hailakandi

    7679

    97.30

    3

    -

    -

    -

    213

    2.70

    213

    2.70

    Total

    53713

    95.91

    18

    -

    19

    -

    2320

    4.09

    2320

    4.0

    The department of Agriculture distributes power pumps, electric motors etc to create irrigation potential under RKVY, BGERI, HMNEH(MIDH), STATE PLAN etc.

    Classification of soils & Fertiliser consumption

    The soils of Barak valley zone owe their origin to Shillong plateau and other surrounding hills to a large extent .The main river Barak of the valley has also a minor contribution to it.The soils are formed from the sedimentary rocks like sandstone, shale and sandy shale depending upon situations. The soil varies from sandy to clay texture with pH from 4.5 t0 5.9. The major classes of soil prevalent in the district are old riverine alluvial, Old Mountain alluvial, non-laterite red and peat soils. Old riverine alluvial soil of the district mainly confined to the banks of the river Barak, Katakhal, Dhaleswari.

    The soils of the district are classified in to 5 (Five ) categories / type viz. Tilla land/ red soil, alluvial soil, sandy soil, sandy loam, clay and clay loam soils. 37.52% cultivable area of the district is occupied by Sandy loam soil, 31.76% by alluvial soil,  17.51% by clay loam soil, 9.90% by sandy soil and 3.30% by Tilla land/ red soils. Tilla land red soil existed only in 3 blocks viz. Lala, Katlicherra and South-Hailakandi whereas all other soils are existed in all the blocks of the district. From the point of the soils almost all tropical and semi tropical crops can be grown successfully with the some corrective measures.

    Block wise classification of soils

    Name of Block

    Tilla Land / red soil

    Alluvial soil

    Sandy Soil

    Sandy loam Soil

    Clay and Clay Loam Soil

    Total cultivable area

    Area

    %

    Area

    %

    Area

    %

    Area

    %

    Area

    %

    Algapur

    -

    -

    4632

    43

    1293

    12

    3124

    29

    1723

    16

    10772

    Hailakandi

    -

    -

    4034

    32

    1008

    8

    5168

    41

    2395

    19

    12605

    Lala

    928

    5

    5385

    29

    2043

    11

    7056

    38

    3157

    17

    18569

    Katlicherra

    372

    6

    1612

    26

    493

    8

    2602

    42

    1116

    18

    6195

    South-Hailakandi

    552

    7

    2131

    27

    710

    9

    3078

    39

    1421

    18

    7892

    Total

    1852

     

    17794

     

    5547

     

    21028

     

    9812

     

    56033

    The soil of the district is highly acidic in nature. Texture of Soil is clay to clay loam in nature except reverine tracts and hilly tracts; it is clay to sandy loam and laterite. In regards to fertility status, Nitrogen is high to medium, Phosphate is medium to low and Potash content is low.

    Land use pattern

    The geographical area of the district is 132700 hectares, out of which 42.22% cultivable area, 3.59% is Cultivable Waste, 2.29% is Current fallow, 42.59% is Forest area, 0.70% is Pasture, 6.17% is land in Non Agricultural use, 1.32% is Miscellaneous Plantation and 1.12% is Barren (Waste land). Currently, out of total cultivable area, only 82.49% is under cultivation. Low coverage of cultivable area is due to inadequate irrigation facility. Block wise land pattern of the district is given in Table No 7.

     Land use pattern in different blocks in hectares

    Name of Block

    Geographical area

    Cultivable area

    Cultivated

    area

    Cultivable

    waste

    Current fallow

    Forest

    Pasture

    Land in non Agril. use

    Misc. Plantation

    Barren (Waste Land)

    Algapur

    13208

    10772

    8074

    1264

    674

    580

    171

    1426

    78

    63

    Hailakandi

    15465

    12605

    10310

    936

    779

    851

    92

    1648

    120

    170

    Lala

    44225

    18569

    14851

    2004

    764

    20296

    298

    2156

    376

    392

    Katlicherra

    8438

    6195

    5182

    242

    373

    315

    187

    1168

    48

    25

    South-Hailakandi

    51364

    7892

    6740

    322

    452

    34475

    181

    1399

    1130

    836

    Total

    132700

    56033

    45157

    4768

    3042

    56517

    929

    8187

    1752

    1486

    Cropped area:   

    1. Gross cropped area                                 :   67736 Ha.
    2. Net cropped area                                     :   45157 Ha.
    3. Area under Mono crop                             :   25182 Ha.
    4. Area under Double crop                          :   18052 Ha.
    5. Triple cropped area                                  :    2150 Ha.
    6. Cropping  Intensity                                   :      150 %   

     

    Area Production and Productivity of  important crops

    Sl No

    Name of crop

    Area in Hectare

    Productivity( in MT/Ha)

     Total  production ( in MT)

    2014-15

    2015-16

    2016-17

    2014-15

    2015-16

    2016-17

    2014-15

    2015-16

    2016-17

    1

    Autumn Paddy

    1973

    2025

    2010

    5.253

    5.253

    6.18

    10364

    10637

    12421.8

    2

    Winter Paddy

    41250

    41185

    41010

    4.994

    4.994

    5.76

    206002

    205677

    236217.6

    3

    Summer Paddy

    2120

    2080

    2211

    4.456

    4.456

     

    9447

    9268

     

    4

    Black Gram

    600

    510

    470

    0.87

    0.81

    0.81

    522

    413

    380.7

    5

    Green Gram

    30

    228

    20

    0.45

    0.45

    0.45

    14

    102

    9

    6

    Pea

    41

    50

    60

    0.92

    0.92

    0.90

    38

    46

    54.81

    7

    French Bean

    3420

    3119

    3167

    1.25

    1.25

    1.25

    4275

    3898

    3958.79

    8

    Arhar

    70

    66

    36

    0.500

    0.500

    0.55

    35

    33

    19.8

    9

    Rape & Mustard

    375

    200

    205

    0.72

    0.72

    0.72

    270

    144

    147.6

    10

    Linseed

    5

    4

    5

    0.51

    0.51

    0.50

    3

    2

    2.5

    11

    Sesamum

    40

    42

    48

    0.39

    0.39

    0.40

    16

    16

    19.2

    12

    Kharif Vegetable

    1940

    2194

    2110

    7.9

    7.9

    8.00

    15326

    17332

    16880

    13

    Rabi Vegetable

    2295

    2709

    2818

    20.70

    20.70

    20.80

    47507

    57753

    58614.4

    14

    Potato

    1150

    1160

    1170

    8.70

    8.70

    22.75

    10005

    10092

    26617.5

    15

    Sweet Potato

    40

    35

    32

    12.15

    12.15

    13.00

    486

    425

    416

    16

    Chilli

    158

    152

    142

    6.10

    6.10

    3.75

    964

    927

    532.5

    17

    Turmeric

    185

    182

    185

    3.12

    3.12

    3.15

    577

    567

    582.75

    18

    Zinger

    205

    203

    204

    1.55

    1.55

    1.60

    318

    314

    326.5

    19

    Black Pepper

    36

    30

    32

    0.125

    0.125

    0.150

    5

    4

    4.8

    20

    Areca nut

    2687

    2668

    2675

    0.312

    0.312

    0.314

    839

    832

    839.95

    21

    Coconut

    273

    276

    282

    4.65

    4.65

    4.66

    1269

    1283

    1314.12

    22

    Pineapple

    1410

    1450

    1430

    28.00

    28.00

    28.50

    39480

    40600

    40755

    23

    Litchi

    116

    118

    117

    6.90

    6.90

    6.95

    800

    814

    813.15

    24

    Banana

    1539

    1523

    1486

    12.55

    12.55

    12.60

    19315

    19113

    18723.6

    25

    Mango

    142

    145

    145

    5.00

    5.00

    5.10

    710

    725

    739.5

    26

    Guava

    184

    186

    187

    2.35

    2.35

    2.35

    433

    437

    439.45

    27

    Jack fruit

    373

    377

    378

    4.85

    4.85

    4.90

    1809

    1828

    1852.2

    28

    Assam Lemon

    257

    264

    265

    5.10

    5.10

    5.10

    1311

    1346

    1351.5

    29

    Orange

    79

    61

    63

    12.90

    12.90

    13.00

    1019

    787

    819

    30

    Papaya

    84

    86

    87

    35.00

    35.00

    35.00

    2940

    3022

    3045

    31

    Cashew nut

    105

    112

    114

    1.0

    1.0

    1.0

    105

    112

    114

    32

    Other Indigenous fruit crops

    90

    92

    93

    30.00

    30.00

    30

    2700

    2760

    2790

    Existing cropping  pattern of the district

    The agricultural circle wise topographical situation and different cropping pattern adopted and practiced by the farmers are presented in the following table.

    Existing land use pattern

    Name of ADO Circle

    Land Situation

    % of Net Cropped area

    Cropping  Pattern followed

    Panchgram

    1.Flood Free medium land

     

    2.Flood affected medium land

    3. Flood affected low land

    10%

     

     

     30%

     

    60%

    a)H.Y.V. Regular Ahu-H.Y.V Sali Paddy

    b) Sali Paddy

    a) R/ Ahu Paddy- Late Sali Paddy

     

    a)Boro Paddy /E/Ahu Paddy

    Boalipar

    1.Flood free medium land

    2.Food  affected medium land

    3.Flood affected low land

    50%

     

    20%

     

    30%

    R/Ahu Paddy –Sali Paddy

     

    Late  Sali Paddy

     

    Boro Paddy/E/ Ahu Paddy

    Hailakandi

    1.High land (Tilla)

    2.Flood free medium land

     

    3.Flood affected low land

     

    4. Flood affected medium

        land

    5%

    50%

     

     

    30%

     

     

    15%

    a) Kharif Vegetables / Horti crops.

    a)Ahu Paddy-Sali Paddy

    b) Sali paddy

     

    a)E/Ahu Paddy-Late Sali Paddy

    b)Boro Paddy /E/Ahu Paddy

     

    a)Boro Paddy /E./Ahu Paddy-

      Late Sali Paddy(Chance crop)

    Lala H.Q

    1. High Land (Tilla)

    2.Flood free medium land

     

    3. Flood affected low land

      5%

     

    70%

     

     

    25%

    ---

    a)Ahu Paddy – Sali Paddy

    b)Sali Paddy

    c)Kharif Vegetables –Rabi Vegetables

    a)E/ Ahu Paddy – Late Sali Paddy

    b)E/ Ahu Paddy – RabiVegetables

    Lala Bazar

    1.Flood free medium land

    100%

    a)Ahu Paddy – Sali Paddy

    b)Ahu Paddy – Rabi Vegetables

    c)Kharif Vegetables – Rabi Vegetables

    Katlicherra

    1. High land (Tilla)

     

    2. Medium land

    50%

     

    50%

    a)Horticultural crops

    b)Kharif Vegetables –Rabi  Vegetables

    a)Ahu Paddy – Sali Paddy

    b) Kharif Vegetables – Rabi  Vegetables

    Monipur

    1 High land (Tilla)

     

    2. Medium land

     

    60%

     

    40%

    a)Kharif Vegetables- Rabi Vegetables 

    b) Horticultural crops.

    a) Sali Paddy

    b)Kharif Vegetables

     

      Address/Contact details

    KRISHI BHAWAN Block Road, Ward No.14, Lakshmi Shahar P.O : Lakshi Shahar Town & Dist : Hailakandi PIN:788152:Phone.03844-225350. E-Mail:daohailakandi@yahoo.com